UFOs & ETs

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[Readers interested in terrestrial origins-of-life research can find that info  here . ]

Why this page?  Here’s why.

Belief in ET will soon replace faith in GOD



News Published In Mainstream & Pop-Science Media:

[Scroll down for the majority of published, peer-reviewed, scientific evidence featured on this page.]

US Navy ‘covered up’ new technology by saying USS Nimitz UFO was unidentified


[Several other examples of UFO sightings being eventually identified as super secret defense research are presented below.  ASND reminds readers that these are only the examples which have been declassified.]

UFOs across US ‘could be Space Force craft built from secret military budget’
The head of an anti-Space Force organisation has claimed the military is “testing technologies for space warfare that we can’t even imagine



Filmmaker reveals how he faked infamous ‘Roswell alien autopsy‘ footage in a   London apartment



CIA admits: All those UFO sightings in 1950s?  ‘It was us’


… &

Edward Snowden searched CIA records for evidence of extraterrestrial cover-up, found nothing



Seeing Sprites:
Researchers Catch Glimpses of Electromagnetic Bursts High in Earth’s Atmosphere



Bermuda Triangle mystery ‘solved,’ scientists claim [2018]



There’s no smoking gun anywhere in the 6,700 pages, which represent the ninth collection of government UFO files made public by the U.K.’s National Archives in Kew.



2018 Signal detected by amateur astronomer came from long-lost satellite,                    NASA confirms



Fast Radio Bursts keep lighting up the night sky and nobody knows why [but a] newly discovered example of this transient phenomenon has been traced to its place of origin — a nearby spiral galaxy.” [2020]


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“… Bose stars may be behind the mysterious ‘fast radio bursts’ being detected by radio astronomers.[2018]


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Fast Radio Bursts [2017]:  E.T. Is *Not* Calling Home



The Alien Signal [2016] That Wasn’t



The Truth Behind NASA’s Famous [1996] UFO Videos
If I thought it was an intelligent craft, I’d be the first one to speak up.



A comprehensive [peer-reviewed] study… published in The Astrophysical Journal [2019]… that spanned more than 3 years… found no evidence of extraterrestrial life among more than 1,300 stars in close proximity to Earth… ‘[W]e are left with zero candidates,’ the study reads.


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A[nother 2019] study… [also] published in The Astrophysical Journal drastically cuts the number of planets that could potentially host intelligent life… [by revealing] that complex ecosystems like ours cannot [even] exist in most regions of [galaxies’ so-called] habitable zone[s]…  The extra parameters needed for complex carbon-based life to exist, such as eradicating poisonous gases… severely limit the number of exoplanets that could potentially host life…


[ASND wonders why Fox News was the only major news media outlet to publicize those two studies (as they were the only publishers of other stories featured on this page).  Hmm…]


Given the [many empirically-based, scientific] arguments raised in this article, it is entirely reasonable to think that life might be extraordinarily rare in the universe, perhaps even unique to Earth.



[M]ainstream news outlets [incessantly] announce confidently, ‘Earth’s Twin Discovered!‘ or ‘Second Solar System Found!‘ or ‘New-Found Planet Looks Right for Aliens.‘  Type in any of these dramatic pronouncements on the search engine of your choice, and it will yield millions of results, citing newspaper and journal articles going back a decade or more…  What about articles pointing out that the probability of finding a “second Earth” or a world even remotely habitable by life of any kind is vanishingly small?  They tend not to get much publicity because a realistic analysis of the data just doesn’t make for good click-bait.


[ASND, however, has provided below virtually all of the available Internet-published mainstream media articles stating the actual truths about ETs and UFOs.]


“Life should not exist.  This much we know from chemistry.  In contrast to the ubiquity of life on earth, the lifelessness of other planets makes far better chemical sense…
We synthetic chemists should state the obvious.  The appearance of life on earth is a mystery.  We are nowhere near solving this problem.  The proposals offered thus far to explain life’s origin make no scientific sense…

Beyond our planet, all the others that have been probed are lifeless, a result in accord with our chemical expectations.  The laws of physics and chemistry’s Periodic Table are universal, suggesting that life based upon amino acids, nucleotides, saccharides and lipids is an anomaly.  Life should not exist anywhere in our universe.  Life should not even exist on the surface of the earth.

James Tour, Ph.D., Synthetic Chemist



2019: NASA Experiment Creates Life?
… it’s important to note NASA has not created life itself in [this or any other] experiment… [and w]e don’t have concrete evidence of life elsewhere…



No aliens — again [and again, and again, and again, and…] [2018]
Mysterious FBI closing of Sunspot solar observatory is finally explained



… the 1977 ‘Wow!’ Signal was a natural phenomenon from a Solar System body.


[See also…]

Did Aliens Put a “Wow” Signal in Our DNA?  No.



The emergence of crop circles around the world have become increasingly prevalent since the 1970s, their mysterious appearance causing many to consider them the work of UFOs.  In 1991, self-professed pranksters Doug Bower and Dave Chorley went public to claim responsibility for the trend, demonstrating their skill at making the typically ornate pattern[s] in less than an hour.



Jodie Foster may have seen proof of alien lands in the 1997 Robert Zemeckis film Contact, but the real life astronomer the filmmakers based their sci-fi odyssey on didn’t find so much as a tentacle.”



Ancient Aliens Debunked is a 3 hour refutation of the theories proposed on the History Channel series Ancient Aliens.


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Some have suggested the 887 giant heads currently documented on the 63-square mile in the middle of the Pacific Ocean were built by stranded extraterrestrials… [but] Ethnologist Jared Diamond believes the gigantic carvings were dragged on wooden sledges, a technique successfully tested by UCLA archaeologist Jo Anne Van Tilburg.



World famous UFO hunter under fire over claims his videos do NOT prove existence of extraterrestrials… by rival alien spotter



News Rarely Published Except In Scientific Journals:

[That heading also applies to all of the remaining headings on this page.]

In 1995-1996 the SETI Institute…[ studied] all 202 of the approximately solar-type stars within 155 light years of Earth for intelligence-generated electromagnetic signals.  The results effectively ruled out the existence of any intelligent species as advanced as the current human race that might be broadcasting their presence.  From 1996 to 2004 Project Phoenix was extended to include 800 stars out to 200 light years away.  Still no signals indicative of an intelligent civilization were detected… [Yet, despite the evidence,] none of these failures dampened the enthusiasm for SETI.  So, thanks to generous donations from Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen, the Allen Telescope Array of 42 radio telescopes was built and is dedicated to SETI observations… attempting to detect the ‘energy-processing’ activities of [ETs — not surpisingly, with zero results]…  Four Swedish astronomers… [have also] search[ed] for records of [so-called ‘Dyson Spheres’] in the latest galaxy survey databases.  But out of a sample of 1,359 spiral galaxies searched (only spiral galaxies are candidates for hosting advanced life), the team failed to detect the existence of a single [advanced] civilization…  None [of the stars SETI — or anyone else — has studied] possesses the characteristics needed to make possible the existence, let alone thriving, of a high-technology civilization on one of its possible planets…  [S]o far, everywhere beyond Earth that astronomers have looked, they have only found environments extremely hostile to advanced life.  In fact, in spite of more than fifty years of diligent searching, astronomers have yet to find [even] one other star with characteristics close enough to the Sun’s to make it a candidate for hosting a planet on which intelligent life could launch and sustain a civilization…  In many respects, [therefore,] SETI research is a [complete] waste of time, [taxpayer] money, and [scientific] talent.  However, these latest SETI efforts are yielding greater insights into and appreciation for just how many plans, preparations, and preliminary steps — especially the carefully orchestrated introduction of certain forms of non-intelligent life — are needed to make possible a narrow time window during which an intelligent living species can exist on a planet, and how many more plans, preparations, and carefully orchestrated [i.e. finely-tuned] steps must be taken to enable such a species to launch and sustain a high-technology civilization.


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… despite the fact [SETI researchers at] UC Berkeley ha[ve] been analyzing radio signals from space [for over 40 consecutive years] on various telescopes, no telltale signals from an intelligent civilization have yet been found.



For more than a decade, astronomers have recognized that the solar system is highly unusual.  It possesses cold ‘Jupiters’ closer to the Sun than 14 times Earth’s distance from the Sun but lacks one or more super-Earth planets, hot ‘Jupiters’, or cold ‘Jupiter’ planets with orbital eccentricities greater than 0.09.  Each one of these four features, if absent in a planetary system, rules out the possibility of any kind of advanced life existing in the system.  How many of the known multiple-planet systems exhibit these life-essential features?  The answer for the 638 known multi-planet exoplanetary systems is zero.  How about the known exoplanetary systems where only one planet has been discovered?  Of these 2,249 systems [not one could support life]…  The presumption back in 1995 was that astronomers would find many exoplanetary systems where the probability of advanced life possibly existing in that system would be greater than zero.  More than twenty-three years later, with a database of 2,888 planetary systems and 3,877 planets, only one planetary system and only one planet possess the characteristics that the possible existence of advanced life needs.  [That *one* planet is Earth.]”



[P]lanets orbiting stars less than 70 percent the Sun’s mass — which includes 80 percent of all existing stars — are noncandidates for hosting multicellular life.  For the equivalent of animal life and especially human life the constraints are more stringent. Stars that are birthed early in the universe’s history (the first 8 billion years) lack the heavy elements needed to form planets on which the equivalent of human beings could conceivably exist.  Conservatively, stars less than 90 percent the Sun’s mass are eliminated as candidates.  What about stars more massive than the Sun?  Such stars burn their nuclear fuel at much more rapid rates than the Sun.  The faster a star fuses hydrogen into helium the brighter it becomes.  Life cannot tolerate more than about a 2 percent increase in incident stellar radiation on the host planet’s surface.. Stars more massive than the Sun will brighten by a whole lot more than 20 percent over the course of 3.8 billion years.  Any conceivable set of biogeochemical cycles will not be able to sufficiently compensate for such stars’ brightening.



The sort of small, young, active stars that have become most exciting to astronomers looking for exoplanets may actually push away precisely what could be necessary to carry water to those planets — leaving them too dry to support life…  The new research is far from the first challenge to the idea that planets orbiting close to small stars might be promising places to look for life.  While these planets are easy to identify using the most productive technique, the transit method, and they seem to be the right temperature to hold liquid water, astronomers have pointed to plenty of other factors that could [drastically and negatively] influence habitability, like the harsh flares of radiation these stars produce.



Carbon monoxide production on planets orbiting [almost 90% of] stars will eliminate nearly all such planets from being able to host complex aerobic life.



We astronomers have [carefully studied] thousands of… galaxies and so far none possess features similar enough to our Milky Way Galaxy (MWG) to be possible candidates to host an advanced civilization.



Earth: One of a Kind

Just a few short decades ago, the Earth was considered to be an ordinary planet, orbiting an ordinary star, lost in a vast galaxy of other stars, amid myriad other galaxies populating the cosmos.  Mindless processes produced the first living organisms, we were told, which slowly evolved over the eons to produce creatures like us.  This [origin-of-life] myth was accepted hook, line, and sinker by the uneducated masses after its promotion by… ‘high priests’ of materialist science, including Arthur C. Clarke, Carl Sagan, and Richard Dawkins, and it was mindlessly parroted by a generation of science journalists unwilling to dig any deeper [into the actual evidence, such as the now-known facts that ]…  [J]ust as soon as the Earth cooled down enough to enable liquid water to flow on its surface, life appeared [which flatly falsifies  evolutionism  ]…  The standard evolutionary story is that life began as simple organisms and gradually progressed to more complex forms, but the best scientific evidence now suggests that early life-forms were already complex and biochemically sophisticated.  This is based on evidence from the analysis of ratios of carbon and sulfur isotopes in sedimentary rocks laid down over 3.5 billion years ago.  Since these biochemical processes could not have occurred unless highly complex protein enzymes were already present, they obviate [i.e. evidentially preclude] an evolutionary explanation…  The earliest life-forms extracted energy from minerals without the need for molecular oxygen, but once photosynthetic microbes were introduced [which transform solar energy into atmospheric oxygen], they radically transformed the early biosphere, paving the way for the appearance of advanced life-forms…  The rise in atmospheric oxygen also created the ozone layer, which protected future life on land from the [deadly] effects of ultraviolet radiation from the Sun [which is typical of the vast majority of observed exoplanets] [and] photosynthetic organisms [also] served to counteract the tendency of the aging Sun to overheat the planet…  The remains of these and other unicellular creatures settled to the bottom of the oceans, where they formed vast sediments that were compressed over time to produce the natural gas and oil reserves so [critical] to [advanced] human civilization today…  Without these [finely-tuned carboniferous] resources, humans could never have launched the industrial revolution…  After a long cooling phase… [w]hat is clear from the fossil record is that in the space of a short, 10-million-year period starting around 541 million years ago, 80 percent of all existing animal forms appeared on Earth, with no credible evolutionary antecedents.  Paleontologists studying fossil layers from the so-called Cambrian Explosion have found no transitional forms in the layers immediately pre-dating this period in Earth history…  Without plate tectonics [which no other observed planet in the universe has], our planet wouldn’t have a climate stable enough to support life over billions of years.  That’s because plate tectonics takes center stage as a planetary thermostat in a process called the “carbonate-silicate” cycle…  The fossil record attests to several mass extinction events that occurred over the long history of our planet.  Research has shown that these devastating events were followed by equally spectacular mass speciation events [all of which also obviate evolutionary explanations]…  Together, these scientific discoveries show that the Earth has been highly fine-tuned to sustain a very stable environment for the flourishing of life [which exists nowhere else in the observed universe].  And some life-forms were themselves instrumental in making our world an ideal place for humans to thrive in…  [F]ar from being a humdrum planet orbiting an ordinary star, the Earth is a [truly] extraordinary planet.



Compared to other spiral galaxies of the same mass as the Milky Way Galaxy [the only type of galaxies that can support advanced life], the MWG is exceptional in several ways.  Meanwhile, its sister galaxy, the Andromeda Galaxy, is normal…  The observed features of the MWG’s outskirt stars require that the MWG has experienced no merger event (big gulp) within the past 10 billion years with another galaxy possessing a total mass equal to or more massive than 1 billion solar masses…  Meanwhile, the observed features of outskirt stars in other spiral galaxies of approximately the same mass as the MWG imply that they have experienced several major merging events during the past several billion years.  An outstanding feature of the MWG emerges through this research.  Throughout its past 10 billion years, our galaxy has not suffered any merger events of sufficient magnitude to alter its spiral structure in any life-threatening manner.  Nevertheless, it has accreted sufficient streams of gas and a sufficient number and rate of low-mass dwarf galaxies to sustain its [life-essential] spiral structure.  Sustaining spiral structure is key.  Unlike other known spiral galaxies, throughout the past 10–11 billion years the MWG has continuously sipped rather than intermittently gulped.  This unique history explains, in large part, why today the MWG has such outstandingly symmetrical [i.e. life-essential] spiral arms.  It also explains why the MWG is a large spiral galaxy like no other we know, a spiral galaxy uniquely fit to host advanced life.



Without the Eltanin [meteorite] impactor, there would be no ice age cycle.  If there were no ice age cycle, several requirements for the launch and maintenance of global civilization would have been lacking (see sidebar at end of article).  In other words, without Earth’s precise scene (‘cene) change — by an impactor of just the right size and composition, perfectly timed and perfectly placed — there would be no global, sizable, high-technology human civilization.




… researchers do not rule out life in subsurface ocean worlds or Venus-like planets, but they conclude it is unlikely…  Scientists already know that plants and animals cannot survive on so little phosphorus, nitrogen, iron, and molybdenum.  Laboratory experiments can settle whether there is any possibility for long-term survival of microbes.


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Do Extremophiles on Earth Mean That Life Is Common in the Galaxy?

Short answer: No.



Probability Calculations:

From a naturalistic perspective, the [probabilistically-calculated] number of civilizations besides our own that exist in the universe is [practically indistinguishable from] zero.



There are 19,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 Earth-like planets in the observable universe.
Out of all 19 sextillion of these, Earth is likely to be the only one with sentient life.



… Drake-like equations [which ‘calculate’ the probability of ETs]… implicitly assume certainty regarding highly uncertain parameters…  We examine these parameters, incorporating models of chemical and genetic transitions on paths to the origin of life, and show that extant scientific knowledge corresponds to uncertainties that span multiple orders of magnitude…  When [Drake-like equations are] recast to represent realistic distributions of uncertainty, we find a substantial probability of there being no other intelligent life in our observable universe…


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Siegel may not have been aware of the phosphorous problem when he wrote his article, ‘The Drake Equation Is Broken; Here’s How To Fix It.’  But he certainly should have known about the origin-of life-problem.  His failure to account for the former is a reasonable mistake, but his failure to account for the latter is not.


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[O]nce we get beyond just the second term on the right side of the Drake Equation,the figures are made up of mere guesswork…  [In reality] researchers [have] found a mere 2,780 stars with planets [in our Milky Way galaxy, the only galaxy in which we can observe exoplanets], a miniscule fraction of the 100 billion (conservative estimate) to 400 billion (high-end estimate) stars in the Milky Way Galaxy.  And, according to NASA at least, out of the 3,700 exoplanets discovered, the number that are in the habitable zones of those 2,780 stars is a staggeringly miniscule 30…  [These] data don’t support the notion that Earth is in any way ‘average’ [as asserted by the now-falsified Copernican Principle].  Instead, with each new exoplanet discovery, we see more evidence that Earth is not only unusual but staggeringly unusual by cosmic standards. Certainly, there are planets around other stars, but not the sort of planets we should expect to be habitats for life…  To quote physicist Chuanfei Dong, who works at the Department of Energy’s Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory: ‘The evolution of life takes billions of years… vOur results indicate that [the vast majority of] exoplanets are generally not capable of supporting a [life-sustaining] atmosphere over sufficiently long timescales when the stellar wind pressure is high…  [According to the experts, therefore] the Copernican Principle is dead, precipitously reducing the likelihood that the third term of the Drake Equation will have any value other than zero [rendering any possibility for life elsewhere in the universe to also be zero]…  But this [data driven, evidence based] scientific reality is not yet reflected in the scientific and popular imaginations.  On the same Science Daily website where one can find Chuanfei Dong’s comments about solar winds scouring atmospheres away from rocky planets, one can also find a story asserting,  ‘Ancient fossil microorganisms indicate that life in the universe is common,’ in spite of the Olympus-sized mountain of evidence contradicting that thesis…  The evidence — if we are honest about the physics and the chemistry involved, and about the actual observations from nearly sixty years of SETI — stacks up overwhelmingly in favor of Earth being cosmically unique, and thus points against the proposition that our world is merely a commonplace cosmic happenstance…  [The unavoidable philosophical problem resulting from these data, therefore, is] if Earth is not typical, then it’s a-typicality requires an explanation — and the greater the degree of a-typicality, the more acute the need for an explanation.


[That article is published behind a subscription paywall — something ASND very rarely features.  In this case, however, — as in one other case on this page — we made an exception because most of the data discussed in this article are also discussed in other articles cited on this page.]


Is there anybody out there?  Probably not…  [One] mathematical model suggests that the odds of finding new life on other Earth-like planets are [only] 0.01 per cent over four billion years.


[A much more realistic & comprehensive mathematical model can be examined  here .]


The three astronomers conclude their paper by demonstrating that the probability of advanced life arising must be far more remote than what [even] they calculated.



… the probability for extraterrestrial intelligent life — very conservatively from a naturalistic perspective — is much less than 10-100,024,000,532 .  In longhand notation it would be 0.00… 001 with 100,024,000,531 zeros between the decimal point and the 1.



… scientists are likely underestimating the difficulty of making a truly habitable planet… [a]nd we have good reason to think [the likelihood of any planet — anywhere in the entire universe — developing life is] probably zero.



Required Fine-Tuning for Unicellular Life
Required Fine-Tuning for Advanced Life
Probability Estimates for Features Required by Various Life Forms
Probability Estimates on Different Size Scales for Advanced Life Features



Interstellar Space Travel:

Space Radiation Will Damage Astronauts’ Brains Traveling to Mars


[Mars takes only a few months to reach.]

… &

According to a report by NASA scientists, blood flow can stop and even reverse in the upper bodies of astronauts.  The study could have some major implications about prolonged trips through deep space.


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[S]pace travels present… realistic challenges that can potentially compromise the health of [astronauts]…  The [biological] challenges encountered in space include noise, isolation, hypoxia… disrupted circadian rhythm… exposure to ionizing radiation and weightlessness.


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Are Humans Fit for Space?
A ‘Herculean’ Study Says Maybe Not


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New York Times: Beings Not Made for Space


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Is Long-Term Space Travel Even Possible For Advanced Organisms?
Science Says Probably Not


[See, also,  here . ]

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Space Radiation Devastated the Lives of Apollo Astronauts
New research points to serious concerns about human survival during deep space travel.


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Astronauts who have spent months in microgravity have more liquid in their brains, which may affect their vision even after they get back home.


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Cosmic rays may prevent long-haul space travel


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Space travel may be harmful to the brain, study suggests
Prolonged cosmic radiation exposure could hasten Alzheimer’s



Scientists simulating Mars mission on Hawaii long for end to [only a single] year in isolation



A tiny, one-person (500kg) spacecraft would require 226 x 1015 joules of energy to accelerate it to just 1/10 the speed of light.  The entire United States consumes more energy than that every single day.


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[T]he laws of physics forbid any chunk of matter from traveling faster than the velocity of light.  Serious difficulties arise, however, long before an object reaches that speed.  At the velocity of light, the energy required to move a specified mass is infinite.  At even half the velocity of light, the energy needed to propel an object is several million times greater than NASA’s fastest spacecraft [can achieve]…  The need for speed poses yet another problem: The faster an object travels through space, the greater its likelihood to suffer damage from space debris.  Micrometeorites, for example, punched holes the size of silver dollars in the Hubble Space Telescope’s solar panels (while the Hubble was traveling at about 0.04 percent the velocity of light relative to the micrometeorites, and about 0.003 percent the velocity of light relative to Earth).  If the telescope had been moving a thousand times faster (relative to the micrometeorites), the damage would have been a million times worse. (i.e., the damage increases with the square of the velocity increase.)…  The faster a craft travels through space, the greater the damage it suffers from radiation.  The particles associated with radiation (e.g., protons, neutrons, electrons, heavy nuclei, and even photons) cause erosion to the ‘skin’ and components of the craft.  Again, the rate of erosion rises with the square of the velocity.  However, a slower velocity means more time in space, and that extra time means more radiation exposure for the aliens on board…  [A]ny reasonably sized spacecraft transporting intelligent physical beings can travel at velocities no greater than about one percent the velocity of light.  At higher velocities the risks from radiation, space debris, leaks, and wear and tear are simply too great to prevent the extinction of the space travelers before they reach their destination.  A spacecraft traveling at one percent the velocity of light (nearly 7 million miles per hour) would need… 23,000 years to travel 230 light-years [which we already know is far less than the required distance to any potentially habitable planet]…  A one-way trip that takes [23,000] years or more raises serious doubts about the alien travelers’ survivability.  The extinction risk, given the limited population and all the contingencies of space travel, seems overwhelming… [So-called “wormholes”] offer no help [either] in solving the distance and time problems [associated with interstellar space travel]…  While these so-called wormholes connecting one black hole [at a galaxy’s center] to another black hole [at another galaxy’s center] are mathematically possible…  General relativity predicts that when matter becomes sufficiently compressed by its own gravity (as in a black hole), a discrete region of space-time will develop where the curvature becomes infinitely sharp [thereby obliterating all physicality and dimensionality of matter, converting it into pure energy, which  cannot self-reassemble into complex, organized, living matter]…  Origin-of-life researchers  now acknowledge  the virtual impossibility of any natural explanation for life’s origin on Earth, on Mars, on any solar system body, or anywhere among the comets or interstellar clouds.  The additional finding that microorganisms could not have been transported across interstellar space (radiation pressure from stars would inevitably have killed them) effectively seals the case.


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NASA thinks we can find another Earth in another nearby star… [but] Crossing the cosmic void will require superfast spacecraft, far more advanced than anything built today… [and] propulsion technologies that could [at least conceivably] get an astronaut from here to Alpha Centauri in less than 50 years [don’t even yet exist]… To get there in a human lifetime [which means no one who goes can return], a rocket would have to travel at least 3,000 times faster than current propellants… can thrust.  [And there aren’t any habitable planets orbiting Alpha Centauri anyway.  The closest knownhabitableexpolanet so far is several human lifetimes away.]…  Radiation shielding — perhaps [extremely heavy lead or similar material] — would be needed to protect the crew [during several generations worth of transit time]…  Even a [single] microscopic [i.e. undetectable] dust particle traveling at 50 percent of the speed of light relative to a spacecraft [which would  be similar to the required speed of the spacecraft relative to Earth] could [no, would] cause a cataclysmic impact…  [H]ow do you manage all the disagreements, personality conflicts, simple claustrophobia [and a variety of other psychological pathologies] that are [already scientifically verified as] bound to erupt during a [multiple-lifetimes] long journey?…  Why not just send a robot?  [Because a] mission to another star cannot rely on controllers back home.  A desperate message from Alpha Centauri would take 4.4 years to reach Earth, and our response would take another 4.4 years to return.  [And that’s to a star system that contains no habitable planets.]  If the spacecraft is run by a robot, it would need a level of autonomy that [far, far exceeds current robotechnologies].”




[I]f evidence of either extant or past life on Mars is uncovered, it might well also be discovered that such life [actually] originated on Earth.  Indeed, it is estimated that over the 4-billion-year history of life on Earth, so much terrestrial soil has found its way to Mars that the Red Planet can boast an average of 2 kilograms of terrestrial soil per square kilometer of its surface (or about 11.3 pounds per square mile).  It is certainly possible that some microbial life was delivered there along with the soil — in fact, the discovery of either extant microbial life or microfossils on Mars might well be anticipated.  If that happens, astrobiologists will need to [examine] the possibility that it came from Earth before claiming that any such life originated [on Mars].”


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It is not a matter of if, but a matter of when, the remains of life will be discovered on Mars.  But that life will have originated on Earth, not Mars.


[That prediction was made way back in 2004.  It was also predicted ten years later.]

“[Sooner or later] some mission to Mars… will, in fact, find life.  It will not necessarily be contamination from a man-made spacecraft.  Instead, it will [likely] have originated from a meteorite blasted off the earth by a large asteroid or comet.


[Not surprisingly (at least to those who were paying attention), those two predictions were proven accurate (prophetic)  in 2019 .   The fossilized, microbial life discovered on Mars was, indeed, transferred from Earth, likely via an asteroid or comet.  The same predictors (prophets) who were 100% accurate on those Mars predictions have also predicted that very recent terrestrial microbial life will also likely, eventually be discovered on Mars. ]

Bacteria Found in NASA Clean Rooms Likely Traveled to Mars



Mars’ [geo]dynamo [which creates a planetary magentic field] shut down 4.0–4.1 billion years ago and has never restarted since then…  [T]he long-term effects of the dynamo shutdown would have been permanently catastrophic [to all planetary life, including microbial life because it] would guarantee the loss of all Mars’s surface water…  [A] long-term shutdown of any planet’s dynamo makes it [completely] uninhabitable [by any life whatsoever].



The MARSIS discovery is not a big freshwater lake, as some internet reports implied. Nor is the discovered layer a possible habitat for life.



Don’t Let Mars Fool You.  Those Exoplanets Have To Teem with Life!
Just Don’t Ask Us For Evidence



Mars rover Curiosity found methane in one of its core drills but methane one of the simplest ‘organic’ molecules and the methane detected by Curiosity likely comes from abiotic gas-water-chemical reactions.



Although the radiation exposure would be spread out over a two-and-a-half year period, Martian astronauts would still be exposed to 20 percent of a lethal dose.



Observed Exoplanets:

“We have found more than 4000 planets orbiting distant stars, but it turns out that probably none of them [has] the right conditions for life to evolve, making Earth even more special than we thought.”



The vast majority of exoplanets currently classified as habitable…  no longer can be classified as habitable.



Is Kepler 1649c the Long-Sought Earth Twin?

No, for several reasons.



[A] strong, long-lasting magnetic field [such as Earth’s] is essential for the survival of advanced life [yet] magnetic fields [are] extremely rare among rocky extrasolar planets.



Of the 3,547 planets discovered so far, only one resides in all nine [now  thirteen ] known habitable zones — Earth.


[That was written back in 2016.  The number of planetary habitable zones is now known to be at least 13.]

To date, astronomers have identified thirteen planetary habitable zones that must converge for any planet to serve as a possible host for advanced life.  In other words, all thirteen zones must simultaneously overlap.  As of July 11, 2019, astronomers had discovered and measured the properties of 4,106 planets.  Among these 4,106 planets, only one [Earth] exists where all thirteen habitable zones ‘just happen‘ to come together in the same place and time.



… a large fraction of the giant-planet candidate systems with chromospheric emission stronger than the Sun are not giant-planet systems, but false positives.



… any possible life on solar system bodies besides Earth is limited (at best) to extremely radiation-resistant or subsurface microbes… [and] stellar flares seriously challenge the possible habitability of extrasolar planets and moons.



The three astronomers have added to the ever-accumulating evidence that [our] solar system is unique and special in its exquisite design features that enable it to sustain advanced life on one of its planets.



Gliese 581g: A Black Eye for Believers in Habitable Earth-like Exoplanets



Just because exoplanets could have habitable environments, that does not mean that life evolved there.”



In a recent issue of the journal Astrobiology, British planetary astronomer David Waltham explains why the enduring delicate balance between the Sun’s brightening and cooling from geological and biological processes is unlikely to occur on any other star-planet system.  He shows that for the delicate balance to be sustained the star-planet system must be comprised of a star that is exactly like the Sun and a planet that is exactly like Earth…  As geophysicist Robert Stern observed, ‘Earth is the only known planet with subduction zones and plate tectonics, and this fact demonstrates that special conditions are required for this mode of planetary heat loss‘… [In fact] advanced life on Earth is [also] doomed…  [W]e humans are living in the last half [of one] percent of the maximum time window for life on Earth.



[E]xtrasolar planets that are the most similar to Earth, and whose carbon amounts astronomers have been able to measure, or at least estimate, have been found to possess about 1,200 times as much carbon-based atmospheric gas as Earth does.  This much carbon-based atmospheric gas would rule out photosynthetic life, all animals, and likely all physical life on those planets.


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[F]or life to be sustained on Earth for a long enough time period for microbial life to chemically transform Earth’s habitats into environments suitable for plant and animal life — and for this plant and animal life to further transform Earth’s habitats so that they can sustain human life — the combination of Earth’s shallow carbon cycle and Earth’s deep carbon cycle must be fine-tuned in many different ways to perfectly compensate for the Sun’s increasing luminosity…  There are 23 known subcomponents comprising the deep carbon cycle… [and] There are 37 known sets of parameters that affect the rates at which these 23 subcomponents operate…  [These 60 different environmental variables] must all be individually fine-tuned so that, in combination with the shallow carbon cycle, carbon dioxide and methane are removed from the atmosphere at just-right rates throughout the 3.8-billion-year history of life Earth in a manner that perfectly and continuously compensates for the Sun’s increasing luminosity…  As geophysicist Robert Stern noted in a paper published in Geology,Earth is the only known planet with subduction zones and plate tectonics, and this fact demonstrates that special conditions are required for this mode of planetary heat loss.‘  As geophysicist John Hayes and oceanographer Jacob Waldbauer commented in their paper that specifically addressed the subduction components of the deep carbon cycle,A very clever demon will be required to operate the carbon valve in the subduction zone.‘  However, it takes a lot more than ‘a clever demon’ to explain the exquisite, continual control of the sixty features and processes described here.



[W]ithout an operating silicate-carbonate cycle [created by plate tectonics], life could not remain on Earth planet for long… [so] earthquakes, though frightful in many respects, confer indispensable benefits to life.



The Search For Water:

While no one disputes the necessity of water for life, science has shown that liquid water is merely one of many requirements for life, not the only requirement.



Too Much Water Is Bad for Life!
We can draw several conclusions from all of these studies.  The first is that for planets in the liquid water habitable zone, globally extensive, very deep oceans will be the norm.   The second is that planets with globally extensive, very deep oceans are poor candidates for the origin and survival of unicellular life and are not candidates at all for more advanced life.  Third, a planet like Earth that is neither water rich nor totally desiccated is a totally unexpected outcome.



Waterworld Planets Are Acidic, Primordial Earth Was Not



… the presence of liquid water on a planet’s surface does not guarantee the existence of life.  Consequently, astronomers seek other signatures indicative of life.  The detection of free oxygen in the atmosphere represents one [possible] biosignature.” 



… the detection of free oxygen in the atmosphere of a planet [cannot] be considered an unambiguous signature for the existence of life.




What Does “Habitable” Mean?



Our Milky Way Galaxy (MWG) is the only known life-friendly galaxy.”


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[T]he Milky Way Galaxy (MWG) [is] uniquely suitable as a site for advanced life.  The latest addition to [the] list [of published, peer-reviewed research supporting that assertion] is spectacular: a supermassive black hole [or SMBH, at the center of the MWG] like none other… [A] typical SMBH emits radiation so intense and deadly as to render advanced life anywhere within the surrounding galaxy impossible.  For supergiant galaxies [which the MWG is not], this radiation can be so powerful as to make advanced life impossible not only within the galaxy itself, but also in thousands of neighboring galaxies [which are all at least thousands of light years away].  Providentially for us, our galaxy is sufficiently distant from super­giant galaxies that their SMBHs pose no risk to us.  Given that the radiation from the SMBHs in other galaxies is deadly, why isn’t the radiation from ours?  [The] principal reason is that our [SMBH] comes in at a far lower mass… than the SMBHs in other galaxies of similar size… [For just one of thousands of available examples,] given that the MWG possesses the same mass as the Andromeda Galaxy [which also happens to be the closest galaxy to the MWG]… our galaxy’s SMBH should have about the same mass as Andromeda’s.  Instead, [the MWG’s SMBH] measures nearly 20 times less massive…   This comparatively low SMBH mass, in turn, means that far less radiation of the deadly kind emanates from it…  Another important factor that allows for advanced life to exist [only] in the MWG is that its SMBH remains abnormally quiet, at present… and has been for billions of years.



… less than 1 percent of our galaxy stars [are] candidates [for life].   These candidate limits for possible habitability are for microbes only.  For plants and animals to possibly exist on a planet the ultraviolet habitable zone is much narrower and there is much less possibility of overlap with the liquid water habitable zone.  The constraints are even more confining yet for advanced life and especially so for advanced life maintaining a high-technology civilization.



[I]f life somehow emerges on a planet, it only rarely evolves quickly enough to regulate greenhouse gases and albedo, thereby maintaining surface temperatures compatible with liquid water and habitability.  [This discovery] implies that a planet must be continuously inhabited to remain habitable and that life on a planet must change dramatically and rapidly (to a degree and at a rate that challenges naturalistic explanations) for there to be any hope of compensating for the increasing brightness of its host star.



… the Sun stands alone among all the stars that astronomers have identified…
in possessing all the stellar features that advanced life requires.



Astronomers have discovered eleven different planetary habitability zones — locations relative to the distance from the host star where life could conceivably exist…   Now, a research paper by five astrobiologists demonstrates that the liquid water habitable zonefor complex aerobic life is significantly limited [i.e. significantly narrower than previously thought] relative to [the habitable zone] for simple microbial life.'”



Does Life Need to Be Carbon-Based?  Science Says: Absolutely.



… NASA’s public rhetoric suggests that only one factor matters [regarding its habitability] — whether the planet is in the right region (the circumstaellar habitable zone) to allow liquid water.  Clearly, that is a gross simplification of the problem.



The team’s research adds one more factor to the several hundred factors that already exist that must be fine-tuned to an extraordinary degree for a planet to be truly habitable.



The discovery of the electric wind habitable zone means that for a planet to be a viable candidate for possibly sustaining life, it must simultaneously reside in nine [now  thirteen ] different habitable zones.  So far, astronomers have measured the characteristics of 3,484 planets.  Only one of all these 3,484 planets resides in all nine [now  thirteen ] known habitable zones.  That one is Earth.



After Studying ALL The Available Evidence…

We are alone in the universe.
Professor Brian Cox says alien life is all but impossible and humanity is ‘unique’



Does ET Have a Home?  The best available evidence says no.



How Do We Grapple with the Idea that ET Might Not Be Out There?



But, what about…?

Even [some of] the most heavily documented [UFO] incidents end up unresolved [scientifically, that is, physically], despite interviewing dozens of witnesses and reviewing many written documents, as well as lots of audio and video recordings.


[As always, ASND asks, “WHY IS THAT?” Why — after ruling out physical ETs as the cause of the vast majority of UFO sightings/encounters — are there still a residual percentage of incidents that cannot be explained physically, i.e. materialistically?  For the most likely (i.e the most evidence-based) solution to that problem, ASND offers the following resources in the final section on this page.]


The Bible on UFOs & ETs:

[T]he vast majority (95–99%) of all UFO sightings have natural explanations… [but] there remains a small residual number (1–5%) of sightings that cannot be explained naturally.  We call this the residual UFO, or RUFO phenomenon. RUFO activity fails to conform to the laws of physics…  [Several credible] pilots have reported… real, but nonphysical phenomena that include UFOs.  What things are real but nonphysical? The mind, unlike the brain, is real though nonphysical…  Also, God is both real and transcends the physical dimensions of space-time…  As Christians, we believe that spirits are both real and nonphysical.  RUFOs, however, are not benevolent.  We hypothesize they are, in fact, demonic…  The credible witnesses to incredible physical phenomena we studied had open doors to the occult.  Because so many investigations into UFO phenomena fail to ask the questions we pose, this can be best seen with the people who have reported alien abductions or contacts.  These open doors could easily have been the result of ‘innocent’ activities like participating in seances, Ouija board games, fortune telling or tarot card readings at a party early in life.  Or, they could be the result of something more concerning, such as active involvement in cults, the occult and New Age religion.



[UFO] contactees may, at times, be experiencing real contact with an objective reality, but, Christian theology… has condemned the various occult practices common to contacteeism…  Unlike much of the modern mindset that denies the realm of the demonic (malevolent supernatural beings subservient to Satan), the informed Bible-believing Christian is fully aware of the reality of Satan and his fallen angelic hosts (Job 1:6-12; Ezek. 28: 11-19; Matt. 4:1-11; John 8:44; 2 Cor. 4:4; Eph. 6:11-12; James 4:7; 1 Pet. 5:8; 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6)…  Since [occultic] channels allow [‘alien’ spiritual] entities to effectively take over their minds and bodies, [self-identifying contactees] are susceptive to being, and in some cases may in fact be, demon-possessed (Matt. 4:24; 9:32-34; 12:22-24; Mark 3:7-12; Luke 11:14-26).



Allowing [intelligent] design as an option [for the existence of life] actually increases [rather than decreases] the chances of extraterrestrial intelligence, since there is then a way to overcome the extremely remote  probabilities  [of life creating itself from non-life].  If there is ETI out there, it [has to be] thanks to ID.



A Theistic Explanation for Why We Can’t Find Any Extraterrestrials



[While] the common view among opinion makers today seems to be that Christians should worry about discovery of an advanced ETI [extraterrestrial intelligence]…  It appears that Christians have enough theological resources to account for the existence of ETI [should it ever be found].



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