Urban Heat Islands (UHIs)

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Regions of the world that exhibit significant warming over recent decades [are] likely the result of a robust urban heat island effect…

http://www.c3headlines.com/2011/12/new-research-confirms-that-urban-uhi-warming-accounts-for-over-50-of-all-climate-warming.html

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Urban Heat Island Influence Inadequately Considered in Climate Research

https://wattsupwiththat.com/2018/12/09/urban-heat-island-influence-inadequately-considered-in-climate-research/

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The Urban Heat Island Effect Distorts Global Temperatures

https://drtimball.ca/2011/the-urban-heat-island-effect-distorts-global-temperatures/

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Rampant, Glaringly Fraudulent Temp Monitoring Stations:

Study sponsored by NOAA finds that poorly-sited air temperature monitoring stations have artificially boosted global warming data

https://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2019/05/study_sponsored_by_noaa_finds_that_poorlysited_air_temperature_monitoring_stations_have_artificially_boosted_global_warming_data.html

…&

The NOAA-sponsored JAMS study confirmed what researchers have consistently maintained for years: Even relatively modest urban development near temperature recording devices can skew temperature measurements.

https://wattsupwiththat.com/2019/05/20/warming-temperature-measurements-polluted-by-bad-data-research-confirms/

and…

After pointing out an airplane got stuck in heat softened asphalt, Al Gore misses the fact that many of the surface temperatures used in climate come from airports

http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/07/13/after-an-airplane-gets-stuck-in-heat-softened-asphalt-al-gore-misses-the-fact-that-the-majority-of-surface-temperatures-used-in-climate-come-from-airports/

and…

Two-thirds of the [world’s ‘official’ temperature monitoring] stations are at airports and they show regular divergences from the non-airport stations…

http://stevengoddard.wordpress.com/2012/08/05/found-the-fingerprint-of-man-made-climate-change/

and…

What Anthony Watts and Evan Jones have revealed [about false temperature monitoring] is breathtaking, a must see.  Half of the [global] warming trend has gone.  92% of the artificial rise was due to “erroneous adjustments of well sited stations”.  Muller et al used an older siting classification system.  The new classification system shows that siting does have a major impact on the [surface temperature] data.

http://joannenova.com.au/2012/07/the-big-news-is-out-on-watts-up/

and…

Record Temperature Readings Throughout Los Angeles Caused By ‘Faulty Weather Stations,’ Meteorologist Says

https://dailycaller.com/2018/07/09/record-temperature-los-angeles-compromised/

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Annual daytime and nighttime surface urban heat island intensity (SUHII) increased significantly [between 2001 and 2017 and, most surprisingly] the effect of greening in rural areas was a significant and widespread driver for the increased daytime SUHII [globally].

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL081816

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