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There are three main competing views about what evolution implies about morality.
1) Morality arises from our naturally-evolved, subjective desires. But under this view it would be entirely moral for one society to attack another, as long as it is victorious and exploits the vanquished in a way that enables its own members to better pursue their various other universal desires.
2) Humans have developed subjective moral standards that have the appearance of being objective. Objective moral values and duties are no more real than the tooth fairy. This means that breaking the golden rule is not actually wrong, even though most human beings believe that it is. If morality is ultimately just a matter of individuals’ feelings, then what can we say about a person (or group) who enjoys doing terrible things to innocent people?
3) Human beings are merely physical objects. Physical objects do nothing more than obey the laws of physics: electrons do not “decide” what to do, they just mindlessly interact with other phenomena. Similarly, human beings don’t actually make any decisions at all. We think we do, but we are mistaken. This theory, of course, lays waste to morality itself. For if a person’s actions are determined by forces beyond his control, then he can’t be held accountable for anything he does.
No matter what version of evolutionary ethics one explores, each one suffers serious flaws. None of them is fit to survive.
“There is no ultimate foundation for ethics, no ultimate meaning in life, and no free will for humans, either.“
–William Provine, Ph.D. (Biology)
[ASND simply asks, “Therefore what?”]
[ASND thanks Wintery Knight for that image.]
Why Right And Wrong Are Just As Objective As Science
Just as the nature of a chair points toward an end (supporting you while you sit), so the nature of man also points toward an end.
“On a materialist view, all codes of conduct must ultimately be man-made or socially constructed; there are no objective moral laws existing independently of sentient beings in the way that laws of nature do. Thus there are no objective criteria for determining if human actions are right or wrong… there are no… ‘moral facts’ which motivate behavior.“
[Yeah, so, what’s the problem here ? Morality , like everything else , evolves over time . And morality keeps improving as it evolves, too. What is so hard about this to understand?]
Moral Truth: Created, discovered, or neither?
For Its Moral Ideals, Evolutionary Materialism “Freeloads” from Christianity
Atheists more likely than theists to condone morally bad activities
“Let us stop sugar coating it… We are Atheists… While we acknowledge concepts like morality, politeness [&] civility seem to exist, we know they do not.”
Atheists and the Quest for Objective Morality
Can Moral Objectivism Do Without God?
Are we born with a moral core? The Baby Lab says ‘yes’
Innate, pre-programmed morality poses serious problems for atheistic naturalism
The Moral Poverty of Evolutionary Naturalism
The notion of contemporary moral progress appears to be little more than a common conceit
Atheist of the year fired for misrepresenting credentials
The Making of an Atheist: How Immorality Leads to Unbelief
The only Comment offered (or at least available) on that page opened with this statement: “As an atheist, I find nothing particularly objectionable about Spiegel’s argument.“
Can atheists be moral?
Can Moral Objectivism [Exist] Without God?
The Failure of [Secular] Moral Systems: Pragmatism & Utilitarianism
Seven Fatal Flaws of Moral Relativism
Philosophical Problems With Moral Relativism
Confronting the Challenge of Ethical Relativism
Can Morality Be Based in Our “Selfish” Evolutionary Past?
5 Common Objections to the Moral Argument
Criticisms of the Moral Argument
THE SELFLESS GENE: HOW EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY FAILED TO OBTAIN ALTRUISM
“… curiosity, critical thinking, and tolerance… [are] laudatory… [but] those values have no inherent connection with naturalism…“
God, Naturalism, and the Foundations of Morality
What Is Sam Harris’s Moral Theory?
Did Morals Evolve?
If the answer is yes, then we are in trouble.
The Logical Failure of Moral Evolution
A Review of Sam Harris’ The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values
The fall and rise of the moral argument for theism
The Moral Argument Resource Page
Defending the premises of the moral argument
“This paper undertakes the task of [refuting] aspects of David Hume’s moral theory that have supported non-cognitivist approaches to ethics, and then presents Thomas Reid’s criticisms of those non-cognitivist elements of Hume’s ethics.”
“Researchers can pinpoint physical events taking place in people’s brains when they make ethical decisions. Thus, science is discovering, finally, what ethics is all about: it’s chemistry and electricity doing their chemical and electrical thing inside your skull. And that’s it.“
Do Objective Moral Values Exist?
“If God does not exist, then objective moral values and duties do not exist. Objective moral values and duties do exist. Therefore, God exists.”
Is God the Best Explanation for Moral Values?
Evil as Evidence for God
Gratitude: An Atheist’s Dissonance
“Although I am a secularist (atheist, if you will), I accept that the great majority of people would be morally and spiritually lost without religion.”
“In June, Rebecca Watson, a skeptic blogger and speaker, canceled her TAM appearance because, she said on her blog, she does ‘not feel welcome or safe.’ Other nontheists — both male and female — have shared stories of unwanted sexual attention at nontheist gatherings, including propositions for sex and unwelcome touching.“
Was atheism or communism responsible for the 20th century’s mass murders?
College basketball teams being pressured by an atheist group to get rid of their “character coaches”
“… morals and ethic[s] should be negotiated among free thinkers.”
[Fair enough, as long as we don’t discriminate against free thinkers whom we don’t much like, such as Mao Tse-Tung , Adolph Hitler , Joseph Stalin , Pol Pot , Fidel Castro , Robert Mugabe …]
10 Commandments for atheists
[Yeah, those were the same 10 commandments that atheists Mao Tse-tung , Joseph Stalin and Adolph Hitler believed in too.]
[See, Christians, atheists don’t need a god to be good.]
[Christians are idiots.]
“An Orange County, Calif. atheist group plans to put on a demonstration Saturday afternoon in which they will rip up sections of the Bible that they deem ‘immoral.’“
[Now there’s something religious conservatives should think about , for a change.]
Is God Necessary for Morality?
William Lane Craig vs Shelly Kagan Debate
Richard Dawkins defends the idea of having a mistress and lying about it